Inventory - Certified Mail in Northern Bavaria


American Philatelic Society

Life Member L10740-051714

Jay T. Carrigan


(USA)

phone:
   
email:

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July 23, 2006 - added 4 new covers with Type III certifications (23.8, 31.8, 3.9, 11.10)
December 14, 2007 - added Creussen (31.8) and Arzberg (3.9), both Type III


Official Mail - Type I Certification
Period 1 - July 7 to July 27, 1945
Period 2 - July 28 to September 2, 1945
 

The following single-language certification endorsement was required for official mail:

"Ich versichere, daß dieser Brief keiner persönlichen Mitteilungen enthält. Sein Inhalt ist für die öffentlichen Belange von Wichtigkeit.
             Unterschrift _________________________________"

English translation:

"I assert that this letter contains no personal correspondence. Its contents are important for the public interest.
             Signed ____________________________________"

 

 

July 12, 1945 – Nürnberg to Erlangen.

Mimeographed certification pasted on envelope.

Cash franking with single line "Gebühr bezahlt" handstamp.

Nazi indicia in official seal pasted over.

Fewer than 10 covers are known from Period 1.  
(One earlier cover is known dated July 11.)
 


 

July 26, 1945 – Ansbach (Mittelfr) to Coburg.

Handstamped certification (without signature line).

Cash franking with boxed "Gebühr bezahlt" handstamp.

Nazi indicia in official seal pasted over.

Fewer than 10 covers are known from Period 1.  
 


 

August 2, 1945 – Hof (Saale) to Feilitzsch

Typewritten certification label (without signature line).

Cash franking with red two-line "gebühr bezahlt" handstamp
("gebühr" modified from "Freigebühr").

About 5 covers with Type I endorsements are known from Period 2.  
 

 

Official Mail - Type II Certification
Period 2 - July 28 to September 2, 1945
Period 3 - September 3 to September 18, 1945

Beginning on July 28, 1945, the following bilingual certification endorsement was required for official mail:

"Ich bestätige, daß dieser Brief nur amtliche Mitteilungen enthält, die für das Wohl der Allgemeinheit wichtig sind.
          Unterschrift ____________________________________________"

"I certify that this piece of mail contains only official business and is for the welfare of the community.
          Signed ________________________________________________"

 

 

August 8, 1945 Miltenberg to Aschaffenburg.

Mimeographed certification endorsement, "place" error corrected in ink.

Cash franking with boxed "Gebühr bezahlt" handstamp.
 


 

August 9, 1945 Fürth to Aschaffenburg.

Handstamped certification label, plural forms "Wir ... / We ...".

Franking with 5×8 Pfg. AMG stamps, 251-500 gram rate.
 


 

August 11, 1945 Vohenstrauss to Mindelheim (southern Bavaria).

Typewritten certification label with
"place" (corrected) and "commumity" errors.

Postage free mail sent from post office (Postsache).

Fewer than 10 certified Postsache covers are known.  
 


 

August 16, 1945 – Bayreuth to Coburg.

Typewritten certification label.

Cash franking incorporated into postmark.
 

 


 

August 17, 1945 – Goldmühl to Nürnberg.

Handwritten certification endorsement, German language only.

Cash franking with single line "Gebühr bezahlt" handstamp.

“Illegal” use of Official Certification.  A private individual, Irma Imhof, wrote this letter to a professional health insurance agency and added a handwritten Type II certification endorsement (German only) along with an incongruous  “geschâftlich” (commercial) endorsement on the reverse.  The ploy apparently was successful.

Fewer than 10 covers with handwritten Type II certification endorsements.
 


 

August 22, 1945 Regensburg to ?.

Typewritten certification endorsement without
"Unterschrift" and "Signed", "place", "offial" and "coumnity" errors in English text.

Cash franking with single line "Gebühr bezahlt" handstamp.

Handwritten "Returned / No postal connection".
 


 

August 28, 1945 Landshut to Burglengenfeld.

Handstamped certification endorsement.

Franking with 5×8 Pfg. AMG stamps, 251-500 gram rate.

Southern Bavaria !
 


 

August 31, 1945 Altdorf to München.

Printed certification label.

Cash franking with "gebühr bezahlt" handstamp ("gebühr" modified from "Freigebühr").

School mail treated as official mail for certification purposes.
 


 

September 1, 1945 Hof to Münchberg.

Mimeographed certification endorsement.
Plural form of certification with "place" error.


Cash franking with red two line "Gebühr bezahlt" handstamp.

Bank mail treated as official mail for certification putposes.
 


 
September 3, 1945 Nürnberg to Kitzingen.

Typewritten certification endorsement.
"welfars" error in English text.


Franked at 21-250 gram rate.

Dienststempel and "Frei durch ..." pasted over.
 

 

September 4, 1945 Waldsassen to Wunsiedel.

Handstamped certification endorsement, "Kreis- und Stadtsparkasse Waldsassen" (2×) instead of "Unterschrift / Signed".

Cash franking with boxed "Gebühr bezahlt" handstamp.
 


 

September 5, 1945 Bayreuth to Steinwiesen.

Printed certification label without
"Unterschrift" and "Signed".

Cash franking incorporated into postmark.

From Public Insurance Institute - official mail in spite of "Germany: Geschäftlich" endorsement. 
 


 

September 5, 1945 Hof (Saale) to Coburg.

Handstamped certification endorsement.

Franking with 12 Pf. AMG stamp (3rd day of sale).
 


 

September 7, 1945 Königshofen to Würzburg

Stapled label with typewritten certification,
"place" and "comunity" errors.  (Nazi indicia underneath label not covered up.)

Cash franking with handwritten "Gebüht bezahlt" endorsement.

Emergency cancellation "Königshofen (Grabfeld)", unrecorded in black.

Only known cover with stapled certification label.
Fewer than 5 examples known of the Königshofen (Grabfeld) cancellation.  
 


 

September 9, 1945 Schwanfeld to München (southern Bavaria).

Handwritten certification endorsement.

"Convenience" overfranking with 5 and 8 Pf. AMG stamps.

“Illegal” use of Official Certification.  A private individual, Josef Dietmann, wrote this letter to the Bavarian Agricultural Bank and added a handwritten Type II certification endorsement along with an incongruous  “geschâftlich” (commercial) endorsement on the reverse.  The ploy apparently was successful.

Fewer than 10 covers with handwritten Type II certification endorsements.
 


 

September 10, 1945 Kahl (Main) to Nürnberg.
(Date error in postmark - September 10, 1918.)


Printed certification label.

Cash franking with handwritten "Gebüht bezahlt" endorsement.

From Occupational Health Insurance Office - official mail in spite of "Geschäftlich" endorsement.
 
 


 

September 11, 1945 Bayreuth to Coburg.

Two separate typewritten
certification labels.   (Type I German certification plus Type II English certification.)

Franking with 12 Pf. AMG stamp (on sale since Sept. 3).

Fewer than 10 covers with mixed certification types are known.  
 


 

September 11, 1945 Stadtprozelten to München (southern Bavaria).

Printed certification label with abbreviation "amtl." in German text.

Cash franking with handwritten "Geb. bez" endorsement.
 


 

September 13, 1945 Lichtenfels to Wunsiedel.

Handstamped  certification endorsement.

Cash franking incorporated into postmark.


Nazi indicia in official seal pasted over.
 


 

September 15, 1945 Fürth (Bay) to Ansbach.

Mimeographed certification label.

Franking with 12 Pf. AMG stamp (on sale since Sept. 3).

Nazi indicia blacked out by overprint.
 


 

September 15, 1945 Bayreuth to Coburg.

Typewritten
certification endorsements.

Franking with 12 Pf. AMG stamp (on sale since Sept. 3).
 


 

September 25, 1945 Niederlamitz to Wunsiedel.
(Certification not required after September 18, 1945.)

Typewritten certification label with 2×
"Unterschrift" and "place", "anly" and "inc welfars" errors in English text..

Franking with 2×12 Pf. AMG stamp.

 


 

September 28, 1945 Weiden (Oberpf) to München.
(Certification not required after September 18, 1945.)

Handstamped certification endorsement.

Franking with 12 Pf. AMG stamp.


Censored at Offenbach.
 


 

October 1, 1945 Kirchenlamitz to Wunsiedel.
(Certification not required after September 18, 1945.)

Typewritten certification on address label.

Franking with 2×12 Pf. AMG stamp.
 


 

October 6, 1945 Vilsbiburg to München.
(Certification not required after September 18, 1945.)

Printed certification label on reverse.

Cash franking with two-line boxed "Gebühr bezahlt" handstamp

Southern Bavaria !
 


 

December 4, 1945 Rothenburg ob der Tauber to München.
(Certification not required after September 18, 1945.)

Printed certification label.

Cash franking with single line "Gebühr bezahlt" handstamp.
 


 

January 14, 1946 Hersbruck to Berlin.
(Certification not required after September 18, 1945.)

Certification printed on envelope, not signed.

Cash franking with two-line "gebühr bezahlt" handstamp ("gebühr" modified from "Freigebühr").

Nazi indicia blacked out by overprint.
 


 

April 13, 1946 Hersbruck to Berlin.
(Certification not required after September 18, 1945.)

Printed certification label, not signed.  (Type I German certification plus Type II English certification.)


Cash franking with two-line "gebühr bezahlt" handstamp ("gebühr" modified from "Freigebühr").

Possibly the latest known usage.

 

Official Mail - Type IIA Certification
Period 2 - July 28 to September 2, 1945
Period 3 - September 3 to September 18, 1945

The Type IIA certification endorsement with variant English text is found only on covers from Landkreis Weißenburg:

"I certify that this letter does contain only official communications essential for Landkreis business."

 


 

August 23, 1945 – Weißenburg to Augsburg (southern Bavaria).

Printed certification label.  From mayor's office; label tied to cover by town seal.

Franking with 3×8 Pf. AMG stamps paying 21-250 gram rate.

About 5 covers known with Type IIA certifications.  
 


 

September 18, 1945 – Treuchtlingen to München (southern Bavaria).

Printed certification label (same as previoius cover).

Cash franking with straight line "gebühr bezahlt" handstamp ("gebühr" modified from "Freigebühr").

About 5 covers known with Type IIA certifications.  
 

 

Business Mail - Type III Certification
Period 2 - July 28 to September 2, 1945
Period 3 - September 3 to September 18, 1945
 

Business mail was first permitted on July 28, 1945.  Initially, only post cards and letters up to 20 grams were allowed.  The following bilingual certification was required:

"Ich bestätige, daß meine Firma von der örtlichen Militärregierung genehmigt ist und von der Militärregierung die Genehmigung erhalten hat, wichtige Geschäftspost zu senden.
          Unterschrift ____________________________________________"

"I certify that my firm has local Military Government approval and is authorized by the Military Government to send essential business mail.
          Signed ________________________________________________"

In Period 3, letters up to 1000 grams were allowed and only these required certification.  Post cards and letters up to 20 grams did not require certification endorsements.

 


 

August 8, 1945 – Nürnberg (local use).

Typewritten certification endorsement.

Franked with 8 Pf. AMG stamp.
 


 

August 22, 1945 – Amberg to ?.

Printed certification label.

Cash franking with two line "proof of receipt" handstamp.
 


 

August 23, 1945 – Schweinfurt (ball bearing factory) to ?.
August 30, 1945 – Schweinfurt (shoe store) to Naila.

Identical printed certification labels used by two different senders.

Cash frankings with boxed "Gebühr bezahlt" handstamps.
 


 

August 23, 1945 – Marktredwitz to Kronach.

Typewritten certification label.

Convenience overfranking - 26 Pf. in lieu of 3×8 Pf.
 


 

August 24, 1945 – Lauf (Pegnitz) to ?.

Typewritten certification label; German text plural,  "örtl(ichen)" abbreviated; English text singular, "to send" omitted and added at bottom.

"Forced" overfranking by 1 Pf. (5 and 8 Pf. were the only stamps available until September 3).
 


 

August 25, 1945 – Lichtenfels to Michelau.

Printed certification label.

Cash franking incorporated into postmark.
 


 

August 25, 1945 – Worzeldorf to Nürnberg.

Handstamped certification endorsement.

Cash franking with handwritten "Gebüht bezahlt" endorsement.

Unsealed, required language and "Geschäftlich" endorsements on flap.
 


 

August 28, 1945 – Gunzenhausen to Bamberg.
Printed certification label.
Cash franking with boxed "Gebühr bezahlt" handstamp.
 


 
August 31, 1945 – Creussen to Nürnberg

Printed certification endorsement, "essental" in English text.

Cash franking with single line "Gebühr bezahlt" handstamp.
 


 

August 31, 1945 – Eschenau to ?.

Mimeographed certification label; German and English texts plural, "We" omitted in English text.

Cash franking with boxed "Gebühr bezahlt" handstamp.
 


 

August 31, 1945 – Kronach (local use)

Printed certification label.

Franked with 8 Pf. AMG stamp.

  


 
September 3, 1945 – Arzberg to Nürnberg
(Presumably not over 20 grams so certification not required after September 2.)

Typewritten certification endorsement, "bussiness" in English text

Cash franking with single line "Gebühr bezahlt" handstamp.
 


 

September 3, 1945 – Bamberg to Kronach.

Mimeographed certification label.

Franked with 3×8 Pf. AMG stamps (rate for a 21-250 gram domestic letter, therefore certification still required). 


 

September 3, 1945 – Fürth (Bay) to Augsburg.
(Certification not required after September 2.)

Printed certification label.

Franked with 12 Pf. postal meter, therefore not overweight and certification not required.

Fewer than 10 covers known with postage meter franking.  
 


 

September 4, 1945 – Nürnberg to ?.
(Certification not required after September 2.)

Mimeographed certification label.

Franked with 12 Pf. AMG stamp (second day of sale).
 


 

September 4, 1945 – Nürnberg (local use).
(Certification not required after September 2.)

Typewritten certification endorsement with (corrected) errors in English text - "aud", "anthorized" and "bussiness".

Franked with 8 Pf. AMG stamp.
 


 

September 4?, 1945 Marktredwitz to Wunsiedel.
(Date error in postmark - April 2, 1945.)

Typewritten certification endorsement, "so" instead of "to" in English text.

Franked with 3×8 Pf. AMG stamps (rate for 21-250 gram letter, therefore must be Period 3).
 


 

September 17, 1945 – Nürnberg (local use).

Handstamped certification endorsement; combination singular/plural ("Ich/Wir ...", "I/We ...").

Franked with 2×8 Pf. AMG stamps (rate for a 21-250 gram local letter, therefore certification still required). 
 


 

October 11, 1945 – Ludwigsstadt to Kronach.
(Certification not required after September 18, 1945.)

Mimeographed certification endorsement.

Convenience overfranking by 1 Pf. 
 

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