American Philatelic Society

Life Member L10740-051714

Jay T. Carrigan


(USA)

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Internment Camps after WWII

This web site evolved from a personal checklist I developed to be used when searching through auction catalogs and dealers' stocks.  It is presented here in the hope that others will find it useful. 

Civilian Internment Enclosures (C.I.E.) and Hospitals 

 

Third Army Area

 

Seventh Army Area

 

 

 

 

C.I.E.

Location

C.I.E.

Location

1

Wuppertal (British Zone)

23 (79?)

Bruchsal

2

Bonn (British Zone)

70

Ludwigsburg

3

Mohlsdorf

72

Ludwigsburg

4

Hersbruck

73

Kornwestheim

5

Platting

74

Ludwigsburg

5

Natternberg

75

Kornwestheim

6

Moosburg

76

Hohenasperg

8

Garmisch-Partenkirchen

77

Ludwigsburg

9

Hammelburg

78

Zuffenhausen

10

Altenstadt (Schongau)

79

Ludwigsburg

11

Straubing

80

Ulm

12

Coburg

81

Heilbronn

13

Platting

91

Recklinghausen (British Zone)

14

Aschaffenburg

91

Oberstein

15

Stefankirchen

91

Darmstadt

22

Regensburg

93

Schwarzenborn

29

Dachau

95

Ziegenhain

317

Augsburg-Göggingen

96

Allendorf (Kr. Marburg/Lahn)

409

Nürnberg-Llangwasser

97

Neustadt/Hessen

?

Rottenburg

98

Rockenberg

 

 

99

Butzbach

Hospital

Location

?

Frankfurt/Main

345P

Regensburg

?

Wetzlar

345T

Regensburg

?

Göppingen

2001

Herrsching (Ammersee)

 

 

2057

Garmisch-Partenkirchen

Hospital

Location

9134

Moosburg

2

Karlsruhe

   

3

Darmstadt

   

4

Bad Mergentheim

 

References:

1.

Slawson, Donald E., Censorship Markings of Civilian Internment  Camps, Germany – U.S. Zone of Occupation, GPS Post WW II Study and Research Group, March-April 1981

 

2.

Esrati, Stephen, What We Don’t Know, The German Postal Specialist, January 1972

 

3.

Rist, K, Die Post der Kriegsgefangenen unt Internierten – Teil 6: Die Nachkriegzeeit, Deutsche Zeitung für Briefmarkenkunde, Nr. 2/1969, Nr. 18/1969

 

4.

Wolter, Kark Kurt, Die Postzensur, Band II, 1966

 

5.

Stephan, Walter, Kriegsgefangenenpost Deutscher Soldaten und Internierter 1939-1945 Teil I Der Westen, Neues Handbuch der Briefmarkenkunde

 

6.

Mission Accomplished: Third United States Army Occupation of Germany, 9 May 1945 – 15 Feb. 1947

 

7.

Frederiksen, Oliver J., The American Military Occupation of Germany 1945 – 1953, Historical Division, Hq. U.S. Army Europe

Internment Camps (US Zone) 

Camps in Alphabetical Order

 

Allendorf

C.I.E. 96

 

No mail known from this camp
Probably closed before January 1946

 

 

Altenstadt (Schongau)

C.I.E. 10

 

Outgoing mail not permitted (?)
Closed between May 23-30, 1946
Population transferred to
Dachau

 

 

Aschaffenburg

C.I.E. 14

 

Latest reference April 17, 1946
No mail is known from this camp

 

 

Asperg

C.I.E. 76

 

see Hohenasperg

 

 

Augsburg-Göggingen

C.I.E. 317

A317

 

No mail was known from this camp, until now …
Opened before June 27, 1946
Turned over to Bavarian Ministry of State Oct. 17, 1946
Closed May 31, 1948
"Brief / zensiert / durch" in 32 mm circle,
"Intiernungs- u. Arbeitslager Augsburg" around circle

 

 

Bad Mergentheim

C.I. Hospital 4

 

Turned over to German government on Nov. 4, 1946

 

 

Bonn ?

C.I.E. 2

B2

 

Located in British Zone
46 × 26 mm "EXAMINED / No 2 CIC"
On card dated 23.7.46 from Wilhelmshaven, addressed to "2. Civil Internment Camp / Via
Bonn"

Bruchsal

C.I.E. 23 (?)

B79-1

Number 23 is probably not correct
German language censor mark at left found on a Jan. 1946 cover addressed to “Internee-Camp 79,
Baracke C, Bruchsal / Baden”
In an Aug. 14, 1946 list of camps to turned over to German control, Bruchsal is called a “former camp”

 

 

Butzbach

CIE 99

 

No mail is known from this camp
Closed by Feb. 15, 1946

 

 

Coburg

CIE 12

 

No mail is known from this camp
Closed by Jan.8, 1946

 

 

Dachau

C.I.E. 29

 

Earliest reference is June 13, 1946
Turned over to Bavarian Ministry of State Aug. 11, 1947
Closed Sept. 30, 1948
 
 

D29-1

 


 

Numbers 4, 5, 8, 12, 13 and 15 reported
Used August through November, 1947

D29-2


 

Numbers 1, 4, 9 and 15 reported
Used in (at least) late 1946 and 1947 

D29-3

 


 

Exists in two sizes: 34 mm and 38 mm
Used after Aug. 11, 1947
 

A 14.1.46 post card also bears the individual censor handstamp '19' in an 11 mm circle.

D29-4

 


 

Two handstamps used together
Used in 1947

D29-5

Single handstamp
Only no. 14 reported

 

 

Darmstadt

C.I.E. 91, C.I. Hospital 3

 

Probable dates are April 1946 to September 1947
Same dies used for camp and hospital 
 

D91-1

 


 

Handwritten numbers (100 to 133)
Used alone from May to August 13, 1946

 

D91-2

 


 

Used August 1946 to August 1947,
in conjunction with D91-1

 

D91-3


 

Reported numbers: 8, 20
Used from March 1946 (doubtful) to July 1947

 

Frankfurt/Main

?

Fr-1

Not on any lists; probably a German-operated camp
Probably opened after October 1947

 Censor mark found on letter dated Feb. 12, 1948

 

 

Garmisch-Partenkirchen

C.I.E. 8, C.I. Hospital 2057

 

Probably closed on August 29, 1946
No mail is known from this camp

The Hospital was transferred to the Bavarian Ministry of State on April 24, 1947 and returned to civilian use on September 30, 1948

All censor marks are found on mail from the hospital 
 

GH2057-1


 

Known on a July 9, 1946 letter 

CIC = Counter Intelligence Corps

GH2057-2


 

Known on a Feb. 14, 1947 letter 

MID = Military Intelligence Detachment

GH2057-3

Dates of use unknown

“Krankenhaus der Internierungs- und Arbeitslage Bayern / Garmisch Zugspitzstr. / Briefzensur“

 

 

Göppingen

?

 

Not on any lists; probably a German-operated camp
Probably existed in 1947 and 1948

Wolter lists a single line “Censor” with pencil signature
(Mark at left on incoming 1.3.46 postal card)

 

 

Hammelburg

C.I.E. 9

 

Camp known to exist in January 1946 and in operation at least into 1948

Turned over to Bavarian Ministry of State Jan. 15, 1947
Closed on June 1, 1948
 

D91-1

 

Used (at least) from February 1947 to April 1948
About 50% of the covers have no other markings

In Feb. – March 1947 there are no other markings
In April – May 1947 handwritten initials are found
After May 1947 stamped initials and numbers were used

 

 

Heilbronn

C.I.E. 81

 

No mail is known from this camp
Known to be open on
Feb. 15, 1946

 

 

Herrsching

C.I. Hospital 2001

HH2001-1

Sachlich richtig
 

No illustrations available

HH2001-2

Hospital 2001
       C I C
    Censored

Possibly altered to create GH2057-1

 

 

Hersbruck

C.I.E. 4

 

No mail is known from this camp
Probably open from January 1946 to May 30, 1946

 

 

Hohenasperg

C.I.E. 76

 

Mail from camp is postmarked Asperg
Probably turned over to German control in Oct. 1946
 

H76-1

 

Known from March 17, 1947
(presumably under German control at this time)

Third Army deactivated on Feb. 15, 1947

H76-2

 

 

Numbers recorded: 4, 6

Also known with blank center (March 29, 1947) with handwritten initials

H76-3

Known on May 13 & 23, 1947
Slash in “7” of “76”
Handwritten initials in center

 

 

 

Karlsruhe

C.I.E. ?, C.I. Hospital 2

 

Probably either C.I.E. 92 or C.I.E. 94

 

KH2-1

Nr. 8 known on May 6, 1947 post card from hospital
Nr. 3 known on Mar. 26, 1947 post card from hospital

 

 

Kornwestheim

C.I.E. 73, C.I.E. 75

 

See also Zuffenhausen, C.I.E. 78
 

 

C.I.E. 73
Known from February 1946 through the end of May 1946
 

 

C.I.E. 75
Probably transferred to German control in late Oct. 1946

 

K75-1

 


 

Handwritten, known from May 3, 1946

K75-2

 


 

Known on March 1, 1947

K75-3

Numbers known: 1, 3, 4, 5, 8 and 10

Known (at least) from Sept. 1947 to Feb. 1948

 

 

Ludwigsburg

C.I.E. 71, C.I.E. 72, C.I.E. 74, C.I.E. 77, C.I.E. 79

 

Five camps, three open throughout 1946 and later
 

 

C.I.E. 71
Camp known through June 20, 1946
No mail known from this camp
 

 

C.I.E. 72
Closed around July 1946, re-opened in Sept. 1946
Probably transferred to German control in Nov. 1946
 

L72-1

 


 

Known used on Oct. 12, 1946

 

L72-2

 


 

Cut down version of L72-1
Probably used after deactivation of the Third Army on
Feb. 15, 1947

 

L72-3

 

 

Numbers known: 1, 2, 4, 5*, 9, 14, 16 plus blank center
(also 6 overwritten with 2)

        * - Nr. 5 found on inside of turned cover from
             Augsburg-Göggingen

L72-4

CENSORED
INT. CAMP 72

 

No illustrations available 

L72-5

similar to L77-2 (23.6.48)
 

 

L72-6


 

Not a censor mark
(From an 11.1.47 turned cover)

 

C.I.E. 74
Probably the largest of the Ludwigsburg camps
Still in operation in December 1947
 

L74-1

Sealed with plain adhesive tape
Used April – October 1946
 

L74-2

 


 

Used at least from October 1946 to April 1947

L74-3

 


 

Known numbers: 1, 2, 5, 6, 7, 9, 10 plus blank center
Known used from August to December 1947

L74-4

 


 

Known numbers: 2, 4, 5
Used at least in May 1947

L74-5


 

Probably not a censor mark 

Known on a piece of plain brown tape used to seal an incoming Dec. 21, 1946 cover

 

C.I.E. 77

Transferred to German control around Nov.-Dec. 1946
 

L77-1


 

Known numbers: 2

Known used on July 10, 1946

(still under American control?!)

L77-2


 

Known on August 10, 1947 cover
(but possibly
C.I.E. 72)

L79

Similar to L77-2 (20.2.46)

C.I.E. 79
Known to be in operation from Feb. to May 1946

 

 

Mohlsdorf

C.I.E. 3

 

Probably closed by early 1946

 

 

Moosburg

C.I.E. 6, C.I. Hospital 9134

 

Former Stalag VII A
Transferred to German control on Oct. 10, 1946
(First camp transferred to German control)
Closed on Aug. 31, 1948
 

M6-1


 

9 mm circle
Known numbers: 1-11

M6-2


 

Known on incoming Aug. 28, 1946 cover 

Split 17 mm circle with '10b' found on incoming Aug. 19, 1946 cover

M6-3


 

Known from Nov. 1946 to Aug. 1947

M6-4


 

Not seen (listed in Wolter)

M6-5


 

Known on incoming Dec. 16, 1946 cover to hospital
and on Dec. 20, 1946 cover to camp

M6-6


 

Similar to M6-5 without crosses at bottom

Known on incoming Feb. 20, 1947 cover to hospital
Known on incoming March 6 & 12, 1947 covers to camp

Other markings which are probably not censorship marks

 

 

Natternberg

C.I.E. 5

 

 

Camp was open until at least May 1946
 

N5-1

Known on incoming cover dated March 7, 1946
(Why CIC?)

 

 

Nürnberg-Langwasser

C.I.E. 409

 

Former Stalag XIII D
Camp was opened in June 1946 (or possibly earlier)
Turned over to German control on Nov. 14, 1946
Closed march 25, 1949

 

N409-1

Known used in Aug. – Sept. 1947
Struck in red with handwritten number added
(Known numbers: 5, 10, 13, 14)

 

 

Oberstein

C.I.E. 91

 

No mail is known from this camp
Evidently an early location for C.I.E. 91, before moving to
Darmstadt

 

 

Platting

C.I.E. 5, C.I.E. 13

 

No mail is known from either camp
Evidently an early location for C.I.E. 5, before moving to
Natternberg

C.I.E. 13 closed by January 1946

 

 

Recklinghausen

C.I.E. 91

 

Became British Internment Camp 4

 

 

Regensburg

C.I.E. 22, C.I. Hospitals 345P and 345T

 

Opened July 1946 (or earlier)
Turned over to German control on Oct. 14, 1946
Closed June 30, 1948
 

R22-1


 

Known on March 12, 1947 outgoing cover

R22-2

Same, with blank center (reported by Wolter)

 

 

Rockenberg

C.I.E. 98

 

No information available

 

 

Rottenberg

?

 

Noted as “closed” on Jan. 8, 1946 Third Army list

 

 

Schwarzenborn

C.I.E. 93

 

Uncensored incoming mail known in Dec. 1945 and
Feb. 1946

 

 

Stephankirchen

C.I.E. 15

 

No mail is known from this camp
Probably closed in May 1946

 

 

Straubing

C.I.E. 11

 

No mail is known from this camp
Probably closed by July 1946

 

 

Ulm

C.I.E. 80

 

Probably closed before February 1946
Covers known from Dec. 1945 and Jan. 1946

 

 

Wetzlar

?

 

Mentioned in Oct. 29, 1947 Weekly Information Bulletin

 

 

Wuppertal

C.I.E. 1

 

Located in British Zone 

 

 

Ziegenhain

C.I.E. 95

 

Probably closed before February 1946
Covers known from Dec. 1945 and Jan. 1946

 

 

Zuffenhausen

C.I.E. 78

 

Used Kornwestheim post office
Closed by August 1946
 

Z78-1

Found on a Feb. 20, 1946 outgoing cover

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